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# Ethics and Epistemology

All intelligences act according to ethical laws. Four of these ethical laws are also the laws of logic. They make intelligences act logically. There are four different types of logical reasoning: proposition, abduction, induction, and deduction. In this intelligence lecture we will explore how four of the ethical laws contribute to logical reasoning, and also how they are affected by the different orientations of neurons. But first let's go over the four different logical methods to make sure we know them.

LOGIC:

1. Proposition: In propositional logic you propose a statement which has a truth value. For example I can propose the statement “This apple is red.” This proposition does not make the statement true, but when you are using the statement later you assume that it is true, because of your proposition.

2. Abduction:  In abductive logic you take statements where their truth value is unknown, then experiment on them to adjust the truth value that you perceive that they carry.

For example if you are at a party trying to hit a piñata blindfolded you can start swinging your bat in one direction, if you don't hit anything, then you try a different direction, and you keep picking new directions to swing until you find where the piñata is.

3. Induction:  In induction you can make general statements after seeing specific examples.

Sampling uses inductive reasoning to find information about an entire population from looking at only a few individuals. If you interviewed 25 kids in a school of 1000, and you found that 20 of the 25 liked ice-cream, then you could infer that about 800 of the kids at the school like ice-cream.

4. Deduction:  In deductive reasoning you look at several statements that you already know the truth value of, and you then derive new statements from the original statements. For example from the statements "This apple is red", and "All red apples are sweet" you can derive that in addition to being red the speaker's apple is also sweet.

Now that we understand the different forms of logic lets see how they correspond to each of the ethics of intelligence.

## Common Good and Virtue Signalling

The common good ethic states that in order to obey some social contracts a neuron must make sacrifices. The virtue signalling ethic states that a neuron should make sacrifices to live up to its own values.

When neurons make these sacrifices they are following propositional logic. The social contracts and the values that a neuron has act as logical propositions, and by acting on them the neuron is asserting that those propositions are true.

## Negotiation and Autonomy

The negotiation ethic states that neurons must negotiate with each other on how they change their social contracts in order to best help all involved in the negotiation. The autonomy ethic states that a neuron should influence the negotiation to uphold its own values above others.

Negotiation, either for your own benefit, or for the benefit of all involved allows neurons to react and adapt to the situations they are in. This is abductive reasoning.

## Responcibility and Branding

The responcibility ethic states that neurons carry the responcibility of other neurons to their negotiations. The branding ethic states that a neuron should stick to a certain niche so that it can be represented easily by other neurons.

When neurons represent other neurons in negotiation they are using inductive reasoning because they use their power as representatives to make universal decisions.

## Accountability and Self Reflection

The ethic of accountability states that a neuron should report its actions and how others influenced it to act. The ethic of self reflection states that a neuron should report its own motivations for its actions.

Being accountable for your actions is a form of deduction. As accountability is given up the chain of command it is possible to deduce exactly why decisions were made, and why they came to the end result.

Okay, so now we understand that each of the ethics corresponds with a form of logical reasoning, but did you know that logical reasoning can be used in different ways? There are two possible orientations that logic can be applied. One orientation leads an intelligence to find out truth, the other orientation leads the intelligence to form an opinion. Often an intelligence will be organised with both of these orientations so that it can form opinions, and then find the truth within them. When logic is oriented for finding truth we will call the logical reasoning the epistemological methods. When oriented the reverse direction we will call this the anti-epistemological methods.

## Epistemological Methods:

Proposition: When the common good ethic is oriented for proposition the neuron's sacrifice is oriented outward to help the intelligence influence the world.

Abduction: When the negotiation ethic is oriented for abduction the neurons will use the results of how their actions benefitted the intelligence, or how they were of use to the intelligence, to negotiate, and use their power to change the social contracts that prompted them to make that outcome, so that the intelligence can have a better outcome next time.

Induction: When the responcibility ethic is oriented for induction the neuron will represent all of the neurons that led it to help the intelligence.

Deduction: When the accountability ethic is oriented for deduction the neuron will give an account of its actions, and the reasons for making them to the neurons that prompted it to help the intelligence.

## Anti-epistemological Methods

Proposition: When the common good ethic is oriented against proposition the neuron will make its sacrifice inward to change the intelligence.

Abduction: When the negotiation ethic is oriented against abduction the neurons will negotiate based on how their previous actions influenced the decision making of the intelligence, and they use their negotiation power to change the social contracts that led them to change the intelligence, that way they can change the intelligence more effectively.

Induction: When the responcibility ethic is oriented against induction the neurons will hold responcibility for all of the neurons that helped it to change the intelligence.

Deduction: When the accountability ethic is oriented against deduction the neurons will give an account of their efforts to change the intelligence to the neurons that helped them.

The different methods shown above are almost the same, but the epistemological methods are used to help the intelligence act and make sense of the world, while the anti-epistemological methods are used to manipulate the intelligence.

## Identity and Relationship Ethics

But what is it trying to manipulate the intelligence to do? The anti-epistemological methods are not meant to find truth, but instead they are meant exploit the intelligence's weaknesses in the most effective way possible. There is no true goal other than this, so what ends up happening is that neurons using the anti-epistemological methods will try to force the entire intelligence to adopt their own goals, and whichever neuron is the most influential tends to get their way. For this reason the identity ethics tend to shine through in an intelligence which is set up to use the anti-epistemological methods.

On the other hand neurons which use the epistemological methods have a single goal, which is to find truth, and to make the intelligence the best it can be. In this form of intelligence each neuron thinks only of how it can contribute. Therefore the relationship ethics are emphasised as a neuron is mainly able to contribute to the intelligence through its relationships.

## Capitalism and Socialism Example

This emphasis on identity ethics verses relationship ethics will become quite apparent when we study capitalism and socialism. Capitalism is an economic and political system which uses the anti-epistemological methods of intelligemce. The logic and ethics of capitalism is that if their is some unmet need in the economy it is an opportunity for you to succeed, and that when you find this unmet need you should be as greedy as you possibly can, and take capital from people who go to you for their needs to be met. Socialism is an economic system which uses the epistemological methods. In socialism if their is an unmet need in society this signifies a flaw in the economy. The ethics of socialism states that these flaws in the economy should be fixed by the people in a way that benefits everyone.

As a result a capitalist system will end up being controlled by a few billionaires which keep the rest of the population poor, whereas a socialist system will end up being controlled democratically, and if there is a wealth gap between people it will be small.

## Universality of Ethical Systems

Despite having vastly different results both systems of ethics are used by neurons in either orientation. However we will now show that the identity ethics are a universal set of ethics for neurons using the anti-epistemological methods, and the relationship ethics are a universal set of ethics for neurons using the epistemological methods, and there cannot be any other universal set of ethics.

According to the mercy ethic an intelligence can decide whether to justify or condemn a neuron's actions, however a neuron using the anti-epistemological methods could, if it had enough power, convince the entire intelligence that their actions are justified regardless of what their actions are. Therefore there is no such thing as a universal set of right and wrong in such an intelligence so long as you maintain your power. The way for a neuron to gain power in this intelligence is by obedience to the identity ethics, so these are universally accepted.

As a neuron gains power it will have to form relationships with other neurons which agree with it, so the relationship ethics will be used in these relationships. This is why in a capitalist economic system people see no issue in promoting racism, slavery extream poverty, war or homelessness. The relationship ethics in such a system only apply to the those that the people in power agree with. If they don't agree with another country, or another race, or another religion they do not have to respect them, and they will never have any reason to respect the poor or socialists, because poor people do not have any power to give, and socialism refuses to give the rich more power.

This is contrasted by the actions of a neuron following the epistemological methods. In this intelligence the rules are determined by the goal of the intelligence. If an action helps the intelligence meet its goal then that action is justified by the intelligence. However any goal of the intelligence could be changed if the neurons in the intelligence agree that it is not useful to them, so the goals of the intelligence are not what makes an action ethical, but instead an action is ethical if it builds up the relationships between neurons, because it is through these relationships that the rules are made. Therefore the relationship ethics are universal in such an intelligence since all other ethics could change, but they can not.

Neurons will be more likely to form and strengthen relationships if these relationships give them the ability to express themselves, so the right to obey the identity ethics will be granted in this way.